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Get A Large Static Flag Saint Kitts and Nevis
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Map of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Introduction Saint Kitts and Nevis
First settled by British in 1623, islands became an associated state with full internal autonomy in 1967. island of Anguilla rebelled and previously allowed to secede in 1971. Saint Kitts and Nevis achieved independence in 1983. In 1998, a vote in Nevis on a referendum to separate from Saint Kitts fell short of two-thirds majority needed.
Geography Saint Kitts and Nevis
Caribbean, islands in Caribbean Sea, about one-third of way from Puerto Rico to Trinidad and Tobago
Geographic coordinates:
17 20 N, 62 45 W
Map references:
Central America and Caribbean
total: 261 sq km (Saint Kitts 168 sq km; Nevis 93 sq km)
water: 0 sq km
land: 261 sq km
Area - comparative:
1.5 times size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
0 km
135 km
Maritime claims:
contiguous zone: 24 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to edge of continental margin
tropical tempered by constant sea breezes; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)
volcanic with mountainous interiors
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Liamuiga 1,156 m
Natural resources:
arable land
Land use:
arable land: 16.67%
permanent crops: 2.78%
other: 80.55% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
NA sq km
Natural hazards:
hurricanes (July to October)
Environment - current issues:
Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of selected agreements
Geography - note:
with coastlines in shape of a baseball bat and ball, two volcanic islands are separated by a three-km-wide channel called Narrows; on southern tip of long, baseball bat-shaped Saint Kitts lies Great Salt Pond; Nevis Peak sits in center of its almost circular namesake island and its ball shape complements that of its sister island
People Saint Kitts and Nevis
Total Population:
38,763 (July 2003 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 29% (male 5,754; female 5,499)
15-64 years: 62.4% (male 12,098; female 12,105)
65 years and over: 8.5% (male 1,365; female 1,942) (2003 est.)
Median age:
total: 27.1 years
male: 26.3 years
female: 27.9 years (2002)
Population growth rate:
0.13% (2003 est.)
Birth rate:
18.45 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Death rate:
8.85 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Net migration rate:
-8.31 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female
Population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2003 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
total: 15.39 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 13.48 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
male: 17.19 deaths/1,000 live births
Life Expectancy:
Population: 71.57 years
male: 68.76 years
female: 74.56 years (2003 est.)
Total fertility rate:
2.37 children born/woman (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
noun: Kittitian(s), Nevisian(s)
adjective: Kittitian, Nevisian
Ethnic groups:
predominantly black; some British, Portuguese, and Lebanese
Anglican, other Protestant, Roman Catholic
definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
Population: 97%
male: 97%
female: 98% (1980 est.)
Government Saint Kitts and Nevis
Country name:
conventional long form: Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
conventional short form: Saint Kitts and Nevis
former: Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis
Government type:
constitutional monarchy with Westminster-style parliament
Administrative divisions:
14 parishes; Christ Church Nichola Town, Saint Anne Sandy Point, Saint George Basseterre, Saint George Gingerland, Saint James Windward, Saint John Capesterre, Saint John Figtree, Saint Mary Cayon, Saint Paul Capesterre, Saint Paul Charlestown, Saint Peter Basseterre, Saint Thomas Lowland, Saint Thomas Middle Island, Trinity Palmetto Point
19 September 1983 (from UK)
National holiday:
Independence Day, 19 September (1983)
19 September 1983
Legal system:
based on English common law
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Cuthbert Montraville SEBASTIAN (since 1 January 1996)
elections: none; monarch is hereditary; governor general is appointed by monarch; following legislative elections, leader of majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by governor general
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by governor general in consultation with prime minister
head of government: Prime Minister Dr. Denzil DOUGLAS (since 6 July 1995) and Deputy Prime Minister Sam CONDOR (since 6 July 1995)
Legislative branch:
unicameral National Assembly (14 seats, 3 appointed and 11 popularly elected from single-member constituencies; members serve five-year terms)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - SKNLP 8, CCM 2, NRP 1
elections: last held 6 March 2000 (next to be held by July 2005)
Judicial branch:
Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (based on Saint Lucia; one judge of Supreme Court resides in Saint Kitts and Nevis)
Political parties and leaders:
Concerned Citizens Movement or CCM [Vance AMORY]; Nevis Reformation Party or NRP [Joseph PARRY]; People's Action Movement or PAM [Lindsey GRANT]; Saint Kitts and Nevis Labor Party or SKNLP [Dr. Denzil DOUGLAS]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
International organization participation:
Diplomatic representation in US:
chief of mission: Ambassador Dr. Izben Cordinal WILLIAMS
chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016
telephone: [1] (202) 686-2636
FAX: [1] (202) 686-5740
consulate(s) general: New York
Diplomatic representation from US:
US does not have an embassy in Saint Kitts and Nevis; US Ambassador in Barbados is accredited to Saint Kitts and Nevis
Flag description:
divided diagonally from lower hoist side by a broad black band bearing two white, five-pointed stars; black band is edged in yellow; upper triangle is green, lower triangle is red
Economy Saint Kitts and Nevis
Economy - overview:
Sugar previously traditional mainstay of Saint Kitts economy until 1970s. Although crop still dominates agricultural sector, activities such as tourism, export-oriented manufacturing, and offshore banking have assumed larger roles in economy. As tourism revenues are now chief source of islands' foreign exchange, a decline in stopover tourist arrivals following September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks has eroded government finances. opening of a 1,000+ bed Marriott hotel in February 2003 is expected to bring in much-needed revenue.
buying power parity - $339 million (2002 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
-1.9% (2002 est.)
GDP - per capita:
buying power parity - $8,800 (2002 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 3.5%
industry: 25.8%
services: 70.7% (2001)
Population below poverty line:
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
1.7% (2001 est.)
Labor force:
18,172 (June 1995)
Labor force - by occupation:
Unemployment rate:
4.5% (1997)
revenues: $89.7 million
expenditures: $128.2 million, includes capital expenditures of $19.5 million (2003 est.)
sugar processing, tourism, cotton, salt, copra, clothing, footwear, beverages
Industrial production growth rate:
Electricity - production:
100.3 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - production by source:
fossil fuel: 100%
hydro: 0%
other: 0% (2001)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption:
93.26 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2001)
Oil - production:
0 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
710 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
NA (2001)
Oil - imports:
NA (2001)
Agriculture - products:
sugarcane, rice, yams, vegetables, bananas; fish
$47 million (2001 est.)
Exports - commodities:
machinery, food, electronics, beverages, tobacco
Exports - partners:
US 66.5%, UK 7.6%, Canada 6.8%, Portugal 6% (2002)
$152 million (2001 est.)
Imports - commodities:
machinery, manufactures, food, fuels
Imports - partners:
US 41.6%, Trinidad and Tobago 16.2%, Canada 9.8%, UK 6.9%, Japan 4% (2002)
Debt - external:
$171 million (2001)
Economic aid - recipient:
$8 million (2001)
East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Currency code:
Exchange rates:
East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7 (2002), 2.7 (2001), 2.7 (2000), 2.7 (1999), 2.7 (1998)
Fiscal year:
calendar year
Communications Saint Kitts and Nevis
Telephones - main lines in use:
17,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
205 (1997)
Telephone system:
general assessment: good interisland and international connections
domestic: inter island links to Antigua and Barbuda and Saint Martin (Guadeloupe and Netherlands Antilles) are handled by VHF/UHF/SHF radiotelephone
international: international calls are carried by radiotelephone to Antigua and Barbuda and switched there to submarine cable or to Intelsat; or carried to Saint Martin (Guadeloupe and Netherlands Antilles) by radiotelephone and switched to Intelsat
Radio broadcast stations:
AM 3, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
28,000 (1997)
Television broadcast stations:
1 (plus three repeaters) (1997)
10,000 (1997)
Internet country code:
Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
16 (2000)
Internet users:
2,000 (2000)
Transportation Saint Kitts and Nevis
total: 50 km
narrow gauge: 50 km 0.762-m gauge on Saint Kitts to serve sugarcane plantations during harvest season (2002)
total: 320 km
paved: 136 km
unpaved: 184 km (1999 est)
Ports and harbors:
Basseterre, Charlestown
Merchant marine:
none (2002 est.)
2 (2002)
Airports - with paved runways:
total: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2002)
Military Saint Kitts and Nevis
Military branches:
Saint Kitts and Nevis Defense Force (including Coast Guard), Royal Saint Kitts and Nevis Police Force (including Special Service Unit)
Military expenditures - dollar figure:
Military expenditures - percent of GDP:
Transnational Issues Saint Kitts and Nevis
Disputes - international:
protests Venezuela's claim to give full effect to Aves Island, which creates a Venezuelan EEZ/continental shelf extending over a large portion of Caribbean Sea
Illicit drugs:
transshipment point for South American drugs destined for US and Europe; some money-laundering activity