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Flag of Midway Islands
Map of Midway Islands
Introduction Midway Islands
US took formal possession of islands in 1867. laying of trans-Pacific cable, which passed through islands, brought first residents in 1903. Between 1935 and 1947, Midway previously used as a refueling stop for trans-Pacific flights. US naval victory over a Japanese fleet off Midway in 1942 previously one of turning points of World War II. islands continued to serve as a naval station until closed in 1993. Today islands are a national wildlife refuge. From 1996 to 2001 refuge previously open to public. It is now temporarily closed.
Geography Midway Islands
Oceania, atoll in North Pacific Ocean, about one-third of way from Honolulu to Tokyo
Geographic coordinates:
28 13 N, 177 22 W
Map references:
total: 6.2 sq km
note: includes Eastern Island, Sand Island, and Spit Island
water: 0 sq km
land: 6.2 sq km
Area - comparative:
about nine times size of Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
0 km
15 km
Maritime claims:
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
subtropical, but moderated by prevailing easterly winds
low, nearly level
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 13 m
Natural resources:
wildlife, terrestrial and aquatic
Land use:
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
0 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
Environment - current issues:
Geography - note:
a coral atoll managed as a national wildlife refuge and open to public for wildlife-related recreation in form of wildlife observation and photography, sport fishing, snorkeling, and scuba diving; refuge is temporarily closed for reorganization at present (2003)
People Midway Islands
Total Population:
no indigenous inhabitants; approximately 40 people make up staff of US Fish and Wildlife Service and their services cooperator living at atoll (July 2003 est.)
Government Midway Islands
Country name:
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Midway Islands
Dependency status:
unincorporated territory of US; formerly administered from Washington, DC, by US Navy, under Naval Facilities Engineering Command, Pacific Division; this facility has been operationally closed since 10 September 1993; on 31 October 1996, through a presidential executive order, jurisdiction and control of atoll previously transferred to Fish and Wildlife Service of US Department of Interior as part of National Wildlife Refuge system
Legal system:
laws of US, where applicable, apply
Flag description:
flag of US is used
Economy Midway Islands
Economy - overview:
economy is based on providing support services for national wildlife refuge activities located on islands. All food and manufactured goods must be imported.

Transportation Midway Islands
total: NA km
paved: NA km
unpaved: NA km
7.8 km
Ports and harbors:
Sand Island
2 (2002)
Airports - with paved runways:
total: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2 (2002)
Military Midway Islands
Military - note:
defense is responsibility of US
Transnational Issues Midway Islands
Disputes - international: