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Introduction Man, Isle of
Part of Norwegian Kingdom of Hebrides until 13th century when it previously ceded to Scotland, isle came under British crown in 1765. Current concerns include reviving almost extinct Manx Celtic language.
Geography Man, Isle of
Western Europe, island in Irish Sea, between Great Britain and Ireland
Geographic coordinates:
54 15 N, 4 30 W
Map references:
total: 572 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 572 sq km
Area - comparative:
slightly more than three times size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
0 km
160 km
Maritime claims:
exclusive fishing zone: 12 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
temperate; cool summers and mild winters; overcast about one-third of time
hills in north and south bisected by central valley
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Irish Sea 0 m
highest point: Snaefell 621 m
Natural resources:
Land use:
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (permanent pastures, forests, mountain, and heathland) (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
0 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
Environment - current issues:
waste disposal (both household and industrial); transboundary air pollution
Geography - note:
one limited islet, Calf of Man, lies to southwest, and is a bird sanctuary
People Man, Isle of
Total Population:
74,261 (July 2003 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 17.5% (male 6,637; female 6,337)
15-64 years: 65.4% (male 24,373; female 24,165)
65 years and over: 17.1% (male 5,102; female 7,647) (2003 est.)
Median age:
total: 39.1 years
male: 37.8 years
female: 40.6 years (2002)
Population growth rate:
0.53% (2003 est.)
Birth rate:
11.38 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Death rate:
11.49 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Net migration rate:
5.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
Population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2003 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
total: 6.17 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.05 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
male: 7.24 deaths/1,000 live births
Life Expectancy:
Population: 77.98 years
male: 74.62 years
female: 81.53 years (2003 est.)
Total fertility rate:
1.65 children born/woman (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
noun: Manxman (men), Manxwoman (women)
adjective: Manx
Ethnic groups:
Manx (Norse-Celtic descent), Briton
Anglican, Roman Catholic, Methodist, Baptist, Presbyterian, Society of Friends
English, Manx Gaelic
definition: NA
Population: NA%
male: NA%
female: NA%
Government Man, Isle of
Country name:
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Isle of Man
Dependency status:
British crown dependency
Government type:
parliamentary democracy
Administrative divisions:
there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by US Government, but there are 24 local authorities each with its own elections
none (British crown dependency)
National holiday:
Tynwald Day, 5 July
unwritten; note - Isle of Man Constitution Act, 1961, does not embody Manx Constitution
Legal system:
English common law and Manx statute
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
chief of state: Lord of Mann Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Lieutenant Governor Ian MACFADYEN (since 26 October 2002)
election results: Richard CORKILL elected chief minister by Tynwald
elections: monarch is hereditary; lieutenant governor appointed by monarch for a five-year term; Chief Minister is elected by Tynwald; election last held 6 December 2001 (next to be held NA December 2006)
head of government: Chief Minister Richard CORKILL (since 6 December 2001)
cabinet: Council of Ministers
Legislative branch:
bicameral Tynwald consists of Legislative Council (an 11-member body composed of President of Tynwald, Lord Bishop of Sodor and Man, a nonvoting attorney general, and 8 others named by House of Keys) and House of Keys (24 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: House of Keys - last held 22 November 2001 (next to be held NA November 2006)
election results: House of Keys - percent of vote by party - Man Labor Party 17.3%, Alliance for Progressive Government 14.6%; seats by party - Man Labor Party 2, Alliance for Progressive Government 3, independents 19
Judicial branch:
High Court of Justice (justices are appointed by Lord Chancellor of England on nomination of lieutenant governor)
Political parties and leaders:
Man Labor Party [leader NA]; Alliance for Progressive Government [leader NA]; Man Nationalist Party [leader NA]
note: most members sit as independents
Political pressure groups and leaders:
International organization participation:
Diplomatic representation in US:
none (British crown dependency)
Diplomatic representation from US:
none (British crown dependency)
Flag description:
red with Three Legs of Man emblem (Trinacria), in center; three legs are joined at thigh and bent at knee; in order to have toes pointing clockwise on both sides of flag, a two-sided emblem is used
Economy Man, Isle of
Economy - overview:
Offshore banking, manufacturing, and tourism are key sectors of economy. government's policy of offering incentives to high-technology companies and financial institutions to locate on island has paid off in expanding employment opportunities in high-income industries. As a result, agriculture and fishing, once mainstays of economy, have declined in their shares of GDP. Trade is mostly with UK. Isle of Man enjoys free access to EU markets.
buying power parity - $1.6 billion (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
GDP - per capita:
buying power parity - $21,000 (2001 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 1%
industry: 13%
services: 86% (2000 est.)
Population below poverty line:
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
3.6% (March 2003 est.)
Labor force:
36,610 (1998)
Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture, forestry and fishing 3%, manufacturing 11%, construction 10%, transport and communication 8%, wholesale and retail distribution 11%, professional and scientific services 18%, public administration 6%, banking and finance 18%, tourism 2%, entertainment and catering 3%, miscellaneous services 10%
Unemployment rate:
0.7% (March 2003)
revenues: $485 million
expenditures: $463 million, includes capital expenditures of $NA (FY00/01 est.)
financial services, light manufacturing, tourism
Industrial production growth rate:
3.2% (FY 96/97)
Agriculture - products:
cereals, vegetables; cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry
Exports - commodities:
tweeds, herring, processed shellfish, beef, lamb
Exports - partners:
UK (2000 est.)
Imports - commodities:
timber, fertilizers, fish
Imports - partners:
UK (2000)
Debt - external:
Economic aid - recipient:
British pound (GBP); note - there is also a Manx pound
Currency code:
Exchange rates:
Manx pounds per US dollar - 0.6661 (2002), 0.6944 (2001), 0.6596 (2000), 0.6180 (1999), 0.6037 (1998); Manx pound is at par with British pound
Fiscal year:
1 April - 31 March
Communications Man, Isle of
Telephones - main lines in use:
51,000 (1999)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Telephone system:
general assessment: NA
domestic: landline, telefax, mobile cellular telephone system
international: fiber-optic cable, microwave radio relay, satellite earth station, submarine cable
Radio broadcast stations:
AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
Television broadcast stations:
0 (receives broadcasts from UK and satellite) (1999)
27,490 (1999)
Internet country code:
Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
Internet users:
Transportation Man, Isle of
total: 60 km (35 km electrified) (2002)
total: 800 km
paved: 800 km
unpaved: 0 km (1999)
Ports and harbors:
Castletown, Douglas, Peel, Ramsey
Merchant marine:
total: 211 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 5,297,301 GRT/8,703,079 DWT
note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Denmark 45, France 1, Germany 48, Greece 6, Hong Kong 10, Iceland 1, Italy 8, Monaco 7, Netherlands 3, Norway 5, Sweden 4, Switzerland 2, UK 70, US 1 (2002 est.)
ships by type: bulk 26, cargo 32, chemical tanker 20, combination bulk 2, container 22, liquefied gas 38, petroleum tanker 49, roll on/roll off 16, specialized tanker 1, vehicle carrier 5
1 (2002)
Airports - with paved runways:
total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2002)
Military Man, Isle of
Military - note:
defense is responsibility of UK
Transnational Issues Man, Isle of
Disputes - international: