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Get A Large Static Flag Dominican Republic
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Introduction Dominican Republic
Explored and claimed by Columbus on his first voyage in 1492, island of Hispaniola became a springboard for Spanish conquest of Caribbean and American mainland. In 1697, Spain recognized French dominion over western third of island, which in 1804 became Haiti. remainder of island, by then known as Santo Domingo, sought to gain its own independence in 1821, but previously conquered and ruled by Haitians for 22 years; it finally attained independence as Dominican Republic in 1844. A legacy of unsettled, mostly non-representative, rule for much of its subsequent history previously brought to an end in 1966 when Joaquin BALAGUER became president. He maintained a tight grip on power for most of next 30 years when international reaction to flawed elections forced him to curtail his term in 1996. Since then, regular competitive elections have been held in which opposition candidates have won presidency. Dominican economy has had one of fastest growth rates in hemisphere over past decade.
Geography Dominican Republic
Caribbean, eastern two-thirds of island of Hispaniola, between Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, east of Haiti
Geographic coordinates:
19 00 N, 70 40 W
Map references:
Central America and Caribbean
total: 48,730 sq km
land: 48,380 sq km
water: 350 sq km
Area - comparative:
slightly more than twice size of New Hampshire
Land boundaries:
total: 360 km
border countries: Haiti 360 km
1,288 km
Maritime claims:
contiguous zone: 24 NM
territorial sea: 6 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to edge of continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation; seasonal variation in rainfall
rugged highlands and mountains with fertile valleys interspersed
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Lago Enriquillo -46 m
highest point: Pico Duarte 3,175 m
Natural resources:
nickel, bauxite, gold, silver
Land use:
arable land: 21.08%
permanent crops: 9.92%
other: 69% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
2,590 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
lies in middle of hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding; periodic droughts
Environment - current issues:
water shortages; soil eroding into sea damages coral reefs; deforestation; Hurricane Georges damage
Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
signed, but not ratified: Law of Sea
Geography - note:
shares island of Hispaniola with Haiti (eastern two-thirds is Dominican Republic, western one-third is Haiti)
People Dominican Republic
Total Population:
8,715,602 (July 2003 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 33.6% (male 1,497,777; female 1,431,104)
15-64 years: 61.2% (male 2,719,505; female 2,614,495)
65 years and over: 5.2% (male 212,045; female 240,676) (2003 est.)
Median age:
total: 23.5 years
male: 23.3 years
female: 23.7 years (2002)
Population growth rate:
1.36% (2003 est.)
Birth rate:
23.94 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Death rate:
6.88 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Net migration rate:
-3.43 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
Population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2003 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
total: 34.19 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 31.55 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
male: 36.7 deaths/1,000 live births
Life Expectancy:
Population: 67.96 years
male: 66.41 years
female: 69.58 years (2003 est.)
Total fertility rate:
2.92 children born/woman (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
2.5% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
130,000 (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
7,800 (2001 est.)
noun: Dominican(s)
adjective: Dominican
Ethnic groups:
white 16%, black 11%, mixed 73%
Roman Catholic 95%
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Population: 84.7%
male: 84.6%
female: 84.8% (2003 est.)
Government Dominican Republic
Country name:
conventional long form: Dominican Republic
conventional short form: none
local long form: Republica Dominicana
local short form: none
Government type:
representative democracy
Santo Domingo
Administrative divisions:
29 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 district* (distrito); Azua, Baoruco, Barahona, Dajabon, Distrito Nacional*, Duarte, Elias Pina, El Seibo, Espaillat, Hato Mayor, Independencia, La Altagracia, La Romana, La Vega, Maria Trinidad Sanchez, Monsenor Nouel, Monte Cristi, Monte Plata, Pedernales, Peravia, Puerto Plata, Salcedo, Samana, Sanchez Ramirez, San Cristobal, San Juan, San Pedro de Macoris, Santiago, Santiago Rodriguez, Valverde
27 February 1844 (from Haiti)
National holiday:
Independence Day, 27 February (1844)
28 November 1966
Legal system:
based on French civil codes
18 years of age, universal and compulsory; married persons regardless of age
note: members of armed forces and police cannot vote
Executive branch:
chief of state: President Rafael Hipolito MEJIA Dominguez (since 16 August 2000); Vice President Milagros ORTIZ-BOSCH (since 16 August 2000); note - president is both chief of state and head of government
head of government: President Rafael Hipolito MEJIA Dominguez (since 16 August 2000); Vice President Milagros ORTIZ-BOSCH (since 16 August 2000); note - president is both chief of state and head of government
cabinet: Cabinet nominated by president
elections: president and vice president elected on same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms; election last held 16 May 2000 (next to be held NA May 2004)
election results: Raphael Hipolito MEJIA Dominguez elected president; percent of vote - Rafael Hipolito MEJIA Dominguez (PRD) 49.87%, Danilo MEDINA (PLD) 24.95%, Joaquin BALAGUER (PRSC) 24.6%
Legislative branch:
bicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional consists of Senate or Senado (30 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) and Chamber of Deputies or Camara de Diputados (149 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
elections: Senate - last held 16 May 2002 (next to be held NA May 2006); Chamber of Deputies - last held 16 May 2002 (next to be held NA May 2006)
election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - PRD 24, PLD 3, PRSC 3; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - PRD 83, PLD 49, PRSC 17
Judicial branch:
Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (judges are elected by a Council made up of members of legislative and executive branches with president presiding)
Political parties and leaders:
Dominican Liberation Party or PLD [Leonel FERNANDEZ Reyna]; Dominican Revolutionary Party or PRD [Hatuey DE CAMPS]; Social Christian Reformist Party or PRSC [Eduardo ESTRELLA]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Collective of Popular Organizations or COP
International organization participation:
ACP, Caricom (observer), ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (subscriber), ITU, LAES, LAIA (observer), NAM (observer), OAS, OPANAL, OPCW (signatory), PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Diplomatic representation in US:
chief of mission: Ambassador Hugo GUILIANI Cury
consulate(s): Mobile and Ponce (Puerto Rico)
consulate(s) general: Boston, Chicago, Jacksonville, Mayaguez (Puerto Rico), Miami, New Orleans, New York, Philadelphia, San Francisco, and San Juan (Puerto Rico)
FAX: [1] (202) 265-8057
telephone: [1] (202) 332-6280
chancery: 1715 22nd Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
Diplomatic representation from US:
chief of mission: Ambassador Hans H. HERTELL
embassy: corner of Calle Cesar Nicolas Penson and Calle Leopoldo Navarro, Santo Domingo
mailing address: Unit 5500, APO AA 34041-5500
telephone: [1] (809) 221-2171
FAX: [1] (809) 686-7437
Flag description:
a centered white cross that extends to edges divides flag into four rectangles - top ones are blue (hoist side) and red, and bottom ones are red (hoist side) and blue; a limited coat of arms featuring a shield supported by an olive branch (left) and a palm branch (right) is at center of cross; above shield a blue ribbon displays motto, DIOS, PATRIA, LIBERTAD (God, Fatherland, Liberty), and below shield, REPUBLICA DOMINICANA appears on a red ribbon
Economy Dominican Republic
Economy - overview:
Dominican Republic's economy experienced dramatic growth over last decade, even though economy previously hit hard by Hurricane Georges in 1998. Although country has long been viewed primarily as an exporter of sugar, coffee, and tobacco, in recent years service sector has overtaken agriculture as economy's largest employer, due to growth in tourism and free trade zones. country suffers from marked income inequality; poorest half of population receives less than one-fifth of GNP, while richest 10% enjoy nearly 40% of national income. Growth probably will slow in 2003 with reduced tourism and expected low growth in US economy, source of 87% of export revenues.
buying power parity - $53.78 billion (2002 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
4.1% (2002 est.)
GDP - per capita:
buying power parity - $6,300 (2002 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 11%
industry: 34%
services: 55% (2001)
Population below poverty line:
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 2.1%
highest 10%: 37.9% (1998)
Distribution of family income - Gini index:
47.4 (1998)
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
5.3% (2002 est.)
Labor force:
2.3 million - 2.6 million
Labor force - by occupation:
services and government 58.7%, industry 24.3%, agriculture 17% (1998 est.)
Unemployment rate:
14.5% (2002 est.)
revenues: $2.9 billion
expenditures: $3.2 billion, includes capital expenditures of $1.1 billion (2001 est.)
tourism, sugar processing, ferronickel and gold mining, textiles, cement, tobacco
Industrial production growth rate:
2% (2001 est.)
Electricity - production:
9.186 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - production by source:
fossil fuel: 92%
hydro: 7.6%
other: 0.4% (2001)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption:
8.543 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2001)
Oil - production:
0 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
129,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
NA (2001)
Oil - imports:
NA (2001)
Agriculture - products:
sugarcane, coffee, cotton, cocoa, tobacco, rice, beans, potatoes, corn, bananas; cattle, pigs, dairy products, beef, eggs
$5.3 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Exports - commodities:
ferronickel, sugar, gold, silver, coffee, cocoa, tobacco, meats, consumer goods
Exports - partners:
US 85%, Canada 1.6%, UK 1.6% (2002)
$8.7 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Imports - commodities:
foodstuffs, petroleum, cotton and fabrics, chemicals and pharmaceuticals
Imports - partners:
US 51.5%, Venezuela 9.6%, Mexico 5.1%, Spain 4% (2002)
Debt - external:
$4.8 billion (2002 est.)
Economic aid - recipient:
$239.6 million (1995)
Dominican peso (DOP)
Currency code:
Exchange rates:
Dominican pesos per US dollar - 18.61 (2002), 16.95 (2001), 16.42 (2000), 16.03 (1999), 15.27 (1998)
Fiscal year:
calendar year
Communications Dominican Republic
Telephones - main lines in use:
709,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
130,149 (1997)
Telephone system:
general assessment: NA
domestic: relatively efficient system based on islandwide microwave radio relay network
international: 1 coaxial submarine cable; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Radio broadcast stations:
AM 120, FM 56, shortwave 4 (1998)
1.44 million (1997)
Television broadcast stations:
25 (1997)
770,000 (1997)
Internet country code:
Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
24 (2000)
Internet users:
186,000 (2002)
Transportation Dominican Republic
total: 1,503 km
standard gauge: 375 km 1.435-m gauge
note:: 986 km also operated by sugar companies in 1.076-m, 0.889-m, and 0.762-m gauges (2002)
narrow gauge: 142 km 0.762-m gauge
total: 12,600 km
paved: 6,224 km
unpaved: 6,376 km (1999)
crude oil 96 km; petroleum products 8 km
Ports and harbors:
Barahona, La Romana, Manzanillo, Puerto Plata, San Pedro de Macoris, Santo Domingo
Merchant marine:
total: 1 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 1,587 GRT/1,165 DWT
ships by type: cargo 1 (2002 est.)
30 (2002)
Airports - with paved runways:
total: 13
over 3,047 m: 3
2,438 to 3,047 m: 3
1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
914 to 1,523 m: 3
under 914 m: 1 (2002)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 17
1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
914 to 1,523 m: 4
under 914 m: 10 (2002)
Military Dominican Republic
Military branches:
Army, Navy, Air Force, National Police
Military manpower - military age:
18 years of age (2003 est.)
Military manpower - availability:
males age 15-49: 2,319,419 (2003 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service:
males age 15-49: 1,453,705 (2003 est.)
Military manpower - reaching military age annually:
males: 89,073 (2003 est.)
Military expenditures - dollar figure:
$180 million (FY98)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP:
1.1% (FY98)
Transnational Issues Dominican Republic
Disputes - international:
despite efforts to control illegal migration, destitute Haitians continue to cross into Dominican Republic
Illicit drugs:
transshipment point for South American drugs destined for US and Europe; has become a transshipment point for ecstasy from Netherlands and Belgium destined for US and Canada; substantial money-laundering activity; Colombian narcotics traffickers favor Dominican Republic for illicit financial transactions