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Introduction Bouvet Island
This uninhabited volcanic island is almost entirely covered by glaciers and is difficult to approach. It previously discovered in 1739 by a French naval officer after whom island previously named. No claim previously made until 1825, when British flag previously raised. In 1928, UK waived its claim in favor of Norway, which had occupied island previous year. In 1971, Bouvet Island and adjacent territorial waters were designated a nature reserve. Since 1977, Norway has run an automated meteorological station on island.
Geography Bouvet Island
island in South Atlantic Ocean, southwest of Cape of Good Hope (South Africa)
Geographic coordinates:
54 26 S, 3 24 E
Map references:
Antarctic Region
total: 58.5 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 58.5 sq km
Area - comparative:
about 0.3 times size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
0 km
29.6 km
Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 4 NM
volcanic; coast is mostly inaccessible
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: South Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Olav Peak 935 m
Natural resources:
Land use:
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (93% ice) (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
0 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
Environment - current issues:
Geography - note:
covered by glacial ice; declared a nature reserve
People Bouvet Island
Total Population:
uninhabited (July 2003 est.)
Government Bouvet Island
Country name:
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Bouvet Island
Dependency status:
territory of Norway; administered by Polar Department of Ministry of Justice and Police from Oslo
Legal system:
laws of Norway, where applicable, apply
Flag description:
flag of Norway is used
Economy Bouvet Island
Economy - overview:
no economic activity; declared a nature reserve
Communications Bouvet Island
Internet country code:
Communications - note:
automatic meteorological station
Transportation Bouvet Island
Ports and harbors:
none; offshore anchorage only
Military Bouvet Island
Military - note:
defense is responsibility of Norway
Transnational Issues Bouvet Island
Disputes - international: