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Get A Large Static Flag Bermuda
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Map of Bermuda
Introduction Bermuda
Bermuda previously first settled in 1609 by shipwrecked English colonists headed for Virginia. Tourism to island to escape North American winters first developed in Victorian times. Tourism continues to be important to island's economy, although international business has overtaken it in recent years. Bermuda has developed into a highly successful offshore financial center. A referendum on independence previously soundly defeated in 1995.
Geography Bermuda
North America, group of islands in North Atlantic Ocean, east of North Carolina (US)
Geographic coordinates:
32 20 N, 64 45 W
Map references:
North America
total: 53.3 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 53.3 sq km
Area - comparative:
about one-third size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
0 km
103 km
Maritime claims:
exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
subtropical; mild, humid; gales, strong winds common in winter
low hills separated by fertile depressions
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Town Hill 76 m
Natural resources:
limestone, pleasant climate fostering tourism
Land use:
arable land: 6%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 94% (55% developed, 45% rural/open space) (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
NA sq km
Natural hazards:
hurricanes (June to November)
Environment - current issues:
asbestos disposal; water pollution; preservation of open space; sustainable development
Geography - note:
consists of about 138 coral islands and islets with ample rainfall, but no rivers or freshwater lakes; some land previously leased by US Government from 1941 to 1995
People Bermuda
Total Population:
64,482 (July 2003 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 19.2% (male 6,195; female 6,205)
15-64 years: 69.3% (male 22,110; female 22,574)
65 years and over: 11.5% (male 3,215; female 4,183) (2003 est.)
Median age:
total: 38.7 years
male: 37.8 years
female: 39.6 years (2002)
Population growth rate:
0.72% (2003 est.)
Birth rate:
12.13 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Death rate:
7.46 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Net migration rate:
2.56 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
Population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2003 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
total: 9.05 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
male: 10.77 deaths/1,000 live births
Life Expectancy:
Population: 77.41 years
male: 75.38 years
female: 79.49 years (2003 est.)
Total fertility rate:
1.9 children born/woman (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
noun: Bermudian(s)
adjective: Bermudian
Ethnic groups:
black 58%, white 36%, other 6%
non-Anglican Protestant 39%, Anglican 27%, Roman Catholic 15%, other 19%
English (official), Portuguese
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Population: 98%
male: 98%
female: 99% (1970 est.)
Government Bermuda
Country name:
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Bermuda
former: Somers Islands
Dependency status:
overseas territory of UK
Government type:
parliamentary British overseas territory with internal self-government
Administrative divisions:
9 parishes and 2 municipalities*; Devonshire, Hamilton, Hamilton*, Paget, Pembroke, Saint George*, Saint George's, Sandys, Smith's, Southampton, Warwick
none (overseas territory of UK)
National holiday:
Bermuda Day, 24 May
8 June 1968, amended 1989
Legal system:
English law
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor Sir John VEREKER (since NA April 2002)
head of government: Premier Alex SCOTT (since 24 July 2003)
cabinet: Cabinet nominated by premier, appointed by governor
elections: none; monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by monarch; following legislative elections, leader of majority party or leader of majority coalition is usually appointed premier by governor
Legislative branch:
bicameral Parliament consists of Senate (an 11-member body appointed by governor, premier, and opposition) and House of Assembly (36 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: last general election held 24 July 2003 (next to be held NA July 2008)
election results: percent of vote by party - PLP 51.7%, UBP 48%; seats by party - PLP 22, UBP 14
Judicial branch:
Supreme Court; Court of Appeal; Magistrate Courts
Political parties and leaders:
National Liberal Party or NLP [Dessaline WALDRON]; Progressive Labor Party or PLP [Jennifer SMITH]; United Bermuda Party or UBP [Chairman Wayne FURBERT]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Bermuda Employer's Union [Eddie SAINTS]; Bermuda Industrial Union or BIU [Derrick BURGESS]; Bermuda Public Services Association or BPSA [leader NA]; Bermuda Union of Teachers [Michael CHARLES]
International organization participation:
Caricom (observer), ICFTU, Interpol (subbureau), IOC, WCO
Diplomatic representation in US:
none (overseas territory of UK)
Diplomatic representation from US:
chief of mission: Consul General Denis Patrick COLEMAN, Jr.
consulate(s) general: Crown Hill, 16 Middle Road, Devonshire DVO3
mailing address: P. O. Box HM325, Hamilton HMBX; American Consulate General Hamilton, Department of State, 5300 Hamilton Place, Washington, DC 20520-5300
telephone: [1] (441) 295-1342
FAX: [1] (441) 295-1592, [1] (441) 296-9233
Flag description:
red, with flag of UK in upper hoist-side quadrant and Bermudian coat of arms (white and green shield with a red lion holding a scrolled shield showing sinking of ship Sea Venture off Bermuda in 1609) centered on outer half of flag
Economy Bermuda
Economy - overview:
Bermuda enjoys one of highest per capita incomes in world, with its economy primarily based on providing financial services for international business and luxury facilities for tourists. effects of 11 September 2001 have had both positive and negative ramifications for Bermuda. On positive side, a number of new reinsurance companies have located on island, contributing to expansion of an already robust international business sector. On negative side, Bermuda's tourism industry - which derives over 80% of its visitors from US - has been severely hit as American tourists have chosen not to travel. Tourism rebounded somewhat in 2002, but remains below pre-11 September level. Most capital equipment and food must be imported. Bermuda's industrial sector is limited , although construction continues to be important. Agriculture is limited, only 6% of land being arable.
buying power parity - $2.25 billion (2002 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
0.5% (2002 est.)
GDP - per capita:
buying power parity - $35,200 (2002 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 1%
industry: 10%
services: 89% (2002 est.)
Population below poverty line:
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
2.3% (July 2002)
Labor force:
37,472 (2000)
Labor force - by occupation:
clerical 22%, services 20%, laborers 17%, professional and technical 17%, administrative and managerial 13%, sales 8%, agriculture and fishing 3% (2000 est.)
Unemployment rate:
4.5% (1993)
revenues: $609.5 million
expenditures: $574.6 million, includes capital expenditures of $54.8 million (FY 00/01)
tourism, international business, light manufacturing
Industrial production growth rate:
Electricity - production:
643.7 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - production by source:
fossil fuel: 100%
hydro: 0%
other: 0% (2001)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption:
598.6 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2001)
Oil - production:
0 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
4,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
NA (2001)
Oil - imports:
NA (2001)
Agriculture - products:
bananas, vegetables, citrus, flowers; dairy products
$51 million (2000)
Exports - commodities:
reexports of pharmaceuticals
Exports - partners:
France 77.4%, UK 2.8%, US 2.4% (2002)
$719 million (2000)
Imports - commodities:
machinery and transport equipment, construction materials, chemicals, food and live animals
Imports - partners:
Kazakhstan 30.9%, France 24.7%, Italy 10.5%, US 9.7%, South Korea 8.4%, Mexico 4.3% (2002)
Debt - external:
$145 million (FY 99/00)
Economic aid - recipient:
Bermudian dollar (BMD)
Currency code:
Exchange rates:
Bermudian dollar per US dollar - 1.0000 (fixed rate pegged to US dollar)
Fiscal year:
1 April - 31 March
Communications Bermuda
Telephones - main lines in use:
52,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
7,980 (1996)
Telephone system:
general assessment: NA
domestic: modern, fully automatic telephone system
international: 3 submarine cables; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Radio broadcast stations:
AM 5, FM 3, shortwave 0 (1998)
82,000 (1997)
Television broadcast stations:
3 (1997)
66,000 (1997)
Internet country code:
Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
20 (2000)
Internet users:
25,000 (2000)
Transportation Bermuda
0 km
total: 450 km
paved: 450 km
note: public roads - 209 km; private roads - 241 km (2002)
unpaved: 0 km
Ports and harbors:
Hamilton, Saint George's, Dockyard
Merchant marine:
total: 93 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 4,993,227 GRT/7,089,760 DWT
note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Croatia 5, Denmark 2, Germany 1, Greece 1, Hong Kong 9, Indonesia 1, Norway 2, Sweden 11, United Kingdom 52, United States 13 (2002 est.)
ships by type: bulk 25, cargo 4, chemical tanker 1, container 14, liquefied gas 9, passenger 5, petroleum tanker 11, refrigerated cargo 13, roll on/roll off 7, short-sea passenger 4
1 (2002)
Airports - with paved runways:
total: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2002)
Military Bermuda
Military branches:
no regular indigenous military forces; Bermuda Regiment, Bermuda Police Force, Bermuda Reserve Constabulary
Military expenditures - dollar figure:
$4.028 million (January 2002)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP:
0.11% (FY00/01)
Military - note:
defense is responsibility of UK
Transnational Issues Bermuda
Disputes - international: